The Rajya Sabha had 125 votes in favor and 99 votes in opposition. Union Home Minister Amit Shah introduced the bill in the Rajya Sabha on Wednesday, after about 6 hours of debate on which Amit Shah gave the answers related to the bill in the House.
The Citizenship Amendment Bill 2019 was passed in the Rajya Sabha on Wednesday amidst a ruckus across the country. This bill has already been passed in the Lok Sabha. The Rajya Sabha had 125 votes in favor and 99 votes in opposition. Union Home Minister Amit Shah introduced the bill in the Rajya Sabha on Wednesday, after about 6 hours of debate on which Amit Shah gave the answers related to the bill in the House.
Opposition is continuously opposing this bill and is saying anti-constitution. Protests are taking place against this bill in several states of Northeast including Assam. On Wednesday, the proposal to send the bill to the standing committee was rejected. It got 124 votes in favor of not sending it to the committee and 99 votes in protest. Shiv Sena walked out of the House and did not participate in voting.
Union Home Minister Amit Shah said on Wednesday that the Citizenship Amendment Bill is not going to harm Muslims. He said that if the country had not been divided and had not happened on the basis of religion, then there would be no need to bring this bill today. Protests have taken place in some parts of the country regarding this bill. Protests in Assam were set on fire and sabotage, after which internet services in 10 districts have been closed for 24 hours there.
What is special in this bill, on whom the opposition is protesting and what will be the changes after its implementation, understand here…
1. What is a citizenship amendment bill?
The bill which is passed by the Parliament will change the Citizenship Act 1955. Under this, citizens of Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi religion coming to India from nearby countries including Bangladesh, Pakistan, Afghanistan will be given citizenship.
2. How will getting citizenship of India be easy?
The non-Muslim refugees who come to India from countries like Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Pakistan after this bill is converted into law, will become easy to get citizenship here. For this, they will have to spend at least 6 years in India. The scale of granting citizenship earlier was more than 11 years.
3. What is the bill opposing?
The opposition surrounded the central government regarding this bill. The main opposition of the opposition is about religion. In the new amendment bill, it has been decided to give citizenship easily to people of other religions except Muslims. The Opposition is taking up this matter and is describing this decision of Modi government on the basis of religion.
4. Opposition of bill in NDA only?
The biggest difficulty for the Modi government was that this bill was opposed in its constituent NDA. In the Northeast, the Bharatiya Janata Party partner Assam Gana Parishad openly opposed the bill and said that there was no talk to the allies before bringing this bill, while it was promised to talk. The Asom Gana Parishad was with the BJP in the Assam government.
5. Why are people attacked in the Northeast?
Recently, there was a huge protest in other states of Northeast including Assam regarding the National Register of Citizens. Soon after the NRC, the Citizenship Amendment Bill (CAB) was introduced, which is being opposed. Several students from the Northeast, led by the North East Students Organization, opposed the bill.
6. Will BJP have political benefits?
In states like Assam, Bengal, the issue of refugees was quite dominating. Before the assembly elections in Assam or Lok Sabha elections in the country, the BJP had raised the issue of NRC loudly, which also benefited them. Now that elections are going to be held in West Bengal, before that the BJP once again became aggressive on the CAB bill. In such a situation, political matters are also being removed with respect to this bill.
7. Passed in Lok Sabha but …
The bill was first introduced in the Lok Sabha in 2016, after which it was handed over to the Parliamentary Committee. Earlier this year, this bill was passed in the Lok Sabha but was stuck in the Rajya Sabha. However, with the end of the term of the Lok Sabha, the bill also ended. But this time Modi government managed to get it passed by both Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha.