New citizenship law implemented, know what has changed for the whole country, Explainer

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Hindu-Jain-Buddhist-Sikh-Christian-Parsi refugees coming from Pakistan-Bangladesh-Afghanistan will be able to easily gain citizenship of India.

Despite all the protests and demonstrations, the Citizenship Amendment Bill has now become law. After passing the bill from Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha, President Ram Nath Kovind has approved it, after which it has become law now. That is, Hindu-Jain-Buddhist-Sikh-Christian-Parsi refugees coming from Pakistan-Bangladesh-Afghanistan will be able to easily gain citizenship of India.

The bill was introduced by Union Home Minister Amit Shah first in the Lok Sabha, then in the Rajya Sabha. After several hours of heated debate, this bill was passed in the House, the Modi government had a majority in the Lok Sabha but despite not having a majority in the Rajya Sabha, the government has won.

Why is there opposition to the Citizenship Amendment Bill, what new law has become and what is going to change. Take a look …

What is citizenship amendment law?

To change the Citizenship Act, 1955, the Central Government brought the Citizenship Amendment Bill. This changed as soon as the bill became law. Now Hindu-Jain-Buddhist-Sikh-Christian-Parsi refugees from Pakistan, Bangladesh, Afghanistan will be able to get citizenship of India. Till now they were considered illegal refugees.

Earlier, it was compulsory to stay in India for 11 years on taking citizenship of India, but now this time has been reduced to 6 years.

Which refugees will benefit?

Union Home Minister Amit Shah claimed in his speech in Parliament that there are millions of people who will benefit from this law. According to the new law, it will be applicable to all refugees irrespective of the date.

That is, from the date he arrives in India, he will be considered a citizen of India. A cutoff date has also been issued by the government, all Hindu-Jain-Buddhist-Sikh-Christian-Parsi refugees who came before 31 December 2014 will get citizenship of India.

Where will this law not apply?

This law of Modi government is being strongly opposed in the Northeast. In many states including Assam, Meghalaya, people have taken to the streets and are constantly demanding to withdraw the bill. However, while implementing the law, the government has also announced that the law will not apply in some areas of Meghalaya, Assam, Arunachal, Manipur.

Due to the demand of local people, the Central Government has issued an Inner Line Permit here, due to this, these rules will not apply here. Northeast states say that if the refugees are given citizenship here, their identity, culture will be affected.

The Inner Line Permit is a travel document issued by the Government of India to its citizens so that they can travel for a specified period in a protected area.

Why is the law opposed?

This law is being strongly opposed, people are attacking the government from the road to the Parliament. Many opposition parties, including the Congress, are calling this law a violation of the Constitution and are against the basic ideas of India. Congress had also opposed this bill in Parliament and counted that this bill violates article 14, which gives solution to equal citizenship.

Not only Congress but many lawyers and thinkers have also called this bill a violation of law. According to legal information, this bill violates not only article 14, but also article 5, article 21. Many petitions against this bill have also been applied in the Supreme Court. The allegation of the opposition is also that the government is preparing for NRC by bringing CAB first, which is against the minorities.

Apart from the legal perspective, this bill is being opposed in the Northeast because it is affecting their identity. Many student organizations of Northeast say that if outsiders settle in other states including Assam-Arunachal, then their language, identity, culture will be affected and it will be a big loss.

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